Better Drivers Driver Ed. Course - Unit 4
Unit 4 - How to Drive, Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws
Some Main Points:
Keep on reading the essay or go straight to the practice questions.
The title of this unit is "How to Drive." Please notice that how to drive is in the same heading as rules of the road and traffic laws. This is important and it is not a mistake or an accident. Traffic laws are there for your safety and the safety of the community.
How can you be a good driver if you purposefully and habitually break the law?
There is a value to obeying the law and following rules of the road and correct procedures. And that value is not just a moral elective. It is the only way to stay safe for the long haul. And remember you will be driving for 50 or 60 years. If you want to live to be old and gray, you better start thinking about the long-term consequenses of your driving behavior.
And besides, how appropriate is it to be a habitual law-breaker before you are even legally an adult?
So...in order to be observant and obedient to rules of the road and traffic laws, you need to know them. That's why "How to Drive" is in the same heading as "Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws".
To further explain the point:
There are three important parts to driver education: knowledge, skill and attitude. Knowledge is knowing stuff. Skill is the ability to do something. Attitude is harder to explain. I have a psychology textbook that defines attitude as "Relatively stable organization of beliefs, feelings and behavioral tendencies directed toward something" (Morris & Maisto, 2008, p. 492)
The object of the attitude here is, of course, driving. So we are talking about your attitude toward driving. it is hard to teach and measure (test) your attitude. I can measure skill and knowledge, but not attitude.
So...If you are driving and you come to a red light and you know how to use the brakes, but you are lacking the knowledge of what a red light means, you will go into the intersection and *CRASH!*
And...If you are driving and you come to a red light and you know what the red light means, but you are lacking the skill to use the brakes, you will say, "Oh, no!" as you roar into the intersection and *CRASH!* Same result but for a different reason.
One more...Now you are driving and you approach the intersection with a red light. This time, you know what it means and you know how to use the brakes. But you don't care. *CRASH!*
Do you think people crash their cars because they don't know the rules of the road or because they don't know how to drive the car? NO! People crash because they ignore traffic laws, rules of the road and correct procedures. Did you get that?
People crash because they ignore traffic laws, rules of the road and correct procedures.
Driver education can easily fill the learning gaps in the first two scenarios. If you don't know what a red light means, I can teach you that. If you don't know how to use the brakes to stop the car, I can teach you that, too. (That's why there are 2 parts to the driver ed. course-- class and driving.) But I cannot do anything about your attitude except write a whole bunch of stuff and HOPE you read it and think about it.
Most drivers think that bad things only happen to other people. You read about them in the newspaper, right?
If you think you are a good driver and you ignore traffic laws and rules of the road, you are just another terrible driver.
The good news is that if you are a student driver, at least you are trying to learn what is right. That's why so many of my students who think they are bad drivers because they are lacking in skill are actually very good drivers. At least they are paying attention to driving and trying to do what is right. What more can we ask from a student driver as they learn and practice? There is no magic way to get experience on the road without actually driving. You gotta learn sometime.
But again, it is imperitive that you learn to drive correctly. Learning to drive = Learning to drive correctly. Otherwise, you are working against yourself and learning it wrong and that is a recipe for disaster.
How to Drive, Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws
31. Right-of-Way means:
The answer is E.
Let's look at these one at a time.
A. is what most people think of when they think of a green light. But it is more accurate to say a green light means go if it's safe.
B. Is true. At a green light, you can turn right without stopping if traffic is clear.
Do not stop at a green light just because you are turning right. Sometimes students fail the driving test becasue they stop at a green light before making a right turn. Then they say that I told them they have to stop before making a right turn. This is unnecessary confusion. I make a very strong point that you must stop before turning right at a red light! Red means stop. Green means go if it's safe.
So if there are no pedestrians in the crosswalk, and there are no cars still in the intersection, you may proceed without stopping. Green light does not mean stop.
Remember that in areas with lots of pedestrians, like Tumon Bay and other tourist areas, you must be very careful when making a right turn at a green light, because the pedestrians also have a "walk" light. Sometimes it is actually easier to turn right at the red light than at the green light!
Back to Q.
Answer is C. Page 15 in the book. The book does NOT say that you may not turn on red. It says you MAY turn on red provided 4 conditions are met. What are the conditions?
1. Stop first.
2. Ensure traffic permits. To do this, you may have to move forward until you can see if there are any cars approaching. Then, wait until it is clear before you proceed.
3. Be sure there is no sign that says "No Turn on Red." (This would be a regulatory sign.)
4. Be sure you are in the correct lane, the "Extreme right-hand lane". If you are in the second lane of an intersection with 2 turn lanes, you must wait for the green light. If you see other drivers ignoring this, remember they are breaking the law.
Back to Q.
Answer is D. Do not make a U-turn where you cannot see who is coming. And NEVER do a U-turn in front of a fire station.
Back to Q.
question asks who goes first. Answer is D. The questions
does not state that there are two cars at the intersection. IF it did,
then the correct answer would be A. But since it does not mention two
cars, then the best answer is the car that is there first. Notice that
E. does not specify that the emergency vehicle has sirens or lights flashing.
These vehicles have the right-of-way only if they are in emergency mode.
Back to Q.
All of the above. E. Re-read these answers. Each one is a lesson in safety.
Back to Q.
Answer is B. It is for safety. Honk for safety; let people know you are about to back up. Do not back up, run over kids and then honk. Same with good observation. Looking in mirrors is not the same as looking behind. You must look behind before you back. Don't back up and then look to see who you ran over. You should use the mirrors, but to practice good observation, you must look around and look behind.
Where would pedestrians
come from? ANYWHERE. So keep your head moving and be sure to look behind.
You may turn your body in the seat and take one hand off the steering
wheel to assist you in good observation.
Answer is E.
Back to Q.
Be careful here. A. is true. B. is true. (If you are making a left turn off the main road, you do not have to stop if there are no cars approaching, but you must yield to any approaching traffic.)
C. is NOT true.
So the answer is D.
Back to Q.
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