Unit 4

 

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Learning to Drive

 

Better Drivers Driver Ed. Course - Unit 4

Unit 4 - How to Drive, Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws

Some Main Points:

  • Attitude is the most important attribute of a good driver, but it's hard to measure and hard to teach.
  • Correct Procedure, Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws are important; both for the test and for safe driving.
  • Crashes are the result of drivers failing to drive correctly.
  • Right-of-Way means "It's your turn."   Right of way is not a guarantee of safety.
  • Yield means "Wait." To yield at a Yield sign, you must slow down, look and stop if cars are approaching.
  • Read the book so you know the right of way rules.
  • Read the book so you know correct lane use and rules for turns.
  • TURNS: Right turn to extreme right-hand lane. Left turn to left lane.
  • Right turn on Red Light: 1. STOP  2. Be sure it's clear 3. You can proceed if: There is no sign prohibiting and 4. You are in the extreme right-hand lane. If you are in the second turn lane, you may not turn on red. Wait for green.
  • Drivers should be deliberate about "see and be seen." This means be predicatable and consistent.
  • Make turns correctly and use lanes correctly to avoid crashes.

Keep on reading the essay or go straight to the practice questions.

The title of this unit is "How to Drive." Please notice that how to drive  is in the same heading as rules of the road and traffic laws. This is important and it is not a mistake or an accident. Traffic laws are there for your safety and the safety of the community.

How can you be a good driver if you purposefully and habitually break the law?

There is a value to obeying the law and following rules of the road and correct procedures. And that value is not just a moral elective. It is the only way to stay safe for the long haul. And remember you will be driving for 50 or 60 years. If you want to live to be old and gray, you better start thinking about the long-term consequenses of your driving behavior.

And besides, how appropriate is it to be a habitual law-breaker before you are even legally an adult?

So...in order to be observant and obedient to rules of the road and traffic laws, you need to know them. That's why "How to Drive" is in the same heading as "Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws".

To further explain the point:

There are three important parts to driver education: knowledge, skill and attitude. Knowledge is knowing stuff. Skill is the ability to do something. Attitude is harder to explain. I have a psychology textbook that defines attitude as "Relatively stable organization of beliefs, feelings and behavioral tendencies directed toward something" (Morris & Maisto, 2008, p. 492)

The object of the attitude here is, of course, driving. So we are talking about your attitude toward driving. it is hard to teach and measure (test) your attitude. I can measure skill and knowledge, but not attitude.

 

So...If you are driving and you come to a red light and you know how to use the brakes, but you are lacking the knowledge of what a red light means, you will go into the intersection and *CRASH!*

And...If you are driving and you come to a red light and you know what the red light means, but you are lacking the skill to use the brakes, you will say, "Oh, no!" as you roar into the intersection and *CRASH!*  Same result but for a different reason.

One more...Now you are driving and you approach the intersection with a red light. This time, you know what it means and you know how to use the brakes. But you don't care. *CRASH!*

 

Do you think people crash their cars because they don't know the rules of the road or because they don't know how to drive the car? NO! People crash because they ignore traffic laws, rules of the road and correct procedures. Did you get that?

 

People crash because they ignore traffic laws, rules of the road and correct procedures.

 

Driver education can easily fill the learning gaps in the first two scenarios. If you don't know what a red light means, I can teach you that. If you don't know how to use the brakes to stop the car, I can teach you that, too. (That's why there are 2 parts to the driver ed. course-- class and driving.) But I cannot do anything about your attitude except write a whole bunch of stuff and HOPE you read it and think about it.

 

Most drivers think that bad things only happen to other people. You read about them in the newspaper, right?

 

If you think you are a good driver and you ignore traffic laws and rules of the road, you are just another terrible driver.

The good news is that if you are a student driver, at least you are trying to learn what is right. That's why so many of my students who think they are bad drivers because they are lacking in skill are actually very good drivers. At least they are paying attention to driving and trying to do what is right. What more can we ask from a student driver as they learn and practice? There is no magic way to get experience on the road without actually driving. You gotta learn sometime.

But again, it is imperitive that you learn to drive correctly. Learning to drive = Learning to drive correctly. Otherwise, you are working against yourself and learning it wrong and that is a recipe for disaster.

 

How to Drive, Rules of the Road and Traffic Laws


31. Right-of-Way means:

a. You have the right to go before others

b. You should insist on taking your turn to avoid letting other drivers take advantage of you.

c. It is your turn and you can proceed when it is safe.

d. All of the above

e. None of the above


32. A green traffic signal means:

a. You can go now

b. You can turn right without stopping if traffic is clear

c. Other traffic must get out of your way.

d.Other vehicles already in the intersection must be allowed to go before you proceed

e. B and D above


33. To make a right turn at a red light you must:

a. Look both ways and proceed when traffic is clear.

b. Slow down and ensure traffic is clear and no pedestrians are present before turning.

c. Stop at the red light, and proceed when traffic is clear provided no sign prohibits such a turn.

d. Never may a right turn be made on a red light

e. None of the above


34. When is it not safe to execute a U-Turn?

a. At a Fire Station

b. When other traffic is approaching within 200 feet

c. When on a corner or the crest of a hill

d. All of the above

e. None of the above


35. At a four way stop intersection, who gets to go first?

a. The car on the right

b. The car on the left

c. The car with a lady driver

d. The first car that reaches the intersection

e. Police cars, ambulances and fire trucks

 

36. Why should you turn your head to check the blind spot before changing lanes?

a. Because motorcycles are hard to see

b. Some drivers are unaware of the danger of traveling in your blind spot

c. Mirrors do not show you enough of the area to be sure it is safe to change lanes

d. It is a good habit that could save your life later.

e. All of the above


37. When backing you should:

a. Look in your mirrors and honk the horn

b. Check the mirrors, give a honk, and look behind while backing

c. Keep your eyes on the rear-view mirror and honk constantly.

d. Keep both hands on the steering wheel while looking behind

e. Do not honk because some people may get angry with you.



38. Driving under the influence of intoxicating liquor is

a. A misdemeanor

b. A class 2 felony

c. Punishable by death

d. Responsible for at least half of traffic deaths on Guam

e. A and D above


39. Left turns:

a.May not be made at a red light

b. May be made after yielding to oncoming traffic

c. May be made at a red light after making a complete stop and ensuring traffic is clear

d. A and B above

e. B and C above


40. Which of the following is a Felony?

a. Having an open container of beer in your car

b. Leaving the scene of an accident where property damage has occurred

c. Driving your car while drunk

d. Leaving the scene of an accident where personal injury resulted

e. Driving a motor vehicle without proper insurance


*******************************************




 

Answers:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31. Right-of-Way means:

a. You have the right to go before others

b. You should insist on taking your turn to avoid letting other drivers take advantage of you.

c. It is your turn and you can proceed when it is safe.

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

 

C. is the answer. Right-of-way is not a guarantee of safety. It simply means according to the rules of the road, it is your turn. It is up to you, the driver, to ensure it is safe before you proceed. Take a good look before you launch yourself into an intersection with a green light. Be sure the other drivers are going to yield before you take your turn at an intersection with a stop sign or a flashing light.

Remember it is better to yield than to die.

 

Back to Q.

32. A green traffic signal means:

a. You can go now

b. You can turn right without stopping if traffic is clear

c. Other traffic must get out of your way.

d.Other vehicles already in the intersection must be allowed to go before you proceed

e. B and D above

 

The answer is E.

Let's look at these one at a time.

A. is what most people think of when they think of a green light. But it is more accurate to say a green light means go if it's safe.

B. Is true. At a green light, you can turn right without stopping if traffic is clear.

Do not stop at a green light just because you are turning right. Sometimes students fail the driving test becasue they stop at a green light before making a right turn. Then they say that I told them they have to stop before making a right turn. This is unnecessary confusion. I make a very strong point that you must stop before turning right at a red light! Red means stop. Green means go if it's safe.

So if there are no pedestrians in the crosswalk, and there are no cars still in the intersection, you may proceed without stopping. Green light does not mean stop.

Remember that in areas with lots of pedestrians, like Tumon Bay and other tourist areas, you must be very careful when making a right turn at a green light, because the pedestrians also have a "walk" light. Sometimes it is actually easier to turn right at the red light than at the green light!


Back to Q.

 

33. To make a right turn at a red light you must:

a. Look both ways and proceed when traffic is clear.

b. Slow down and ensure traffic is clear and no pedestrians are present before turning.

c. Stop at the red light, and proceed when traffic is clear provided no sign prohibits such a turn.

d. Never may a right turn be made on a red light

e. None of the above

 

Answer is C. Page 15 in the book. The book does NOT say that you may not turn on red. It says you MAY turn on red provided 4 conditions are met. What are the conditions?

1. Stop first.

2. Ensure traffic permits. To do this, you may have to move forward until you can see if there are any cars approaching. Then, wait until it is clear before you proceed.

3. Be sure there is no sign that says "No Turn on Red." (This would be a regulatory sign.)

4. Be sure you are in the correct lane, the "Extreme right-hand lane". If you are in the second lane of an intersection with 2 turn lanes, you must wait for the green light. If you see other drivers ignoring this, remember they are breaking the law.

 

Back to Q.


 

34. When is it not safe to execute a U-Turn?

a. At a Fire Station

b. When other traffic is approaching within 200 feet

c. When on a corner or the crest of a hill

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

Answer is D. Do not make a U-turn where you cannot see who is coming. And NEVER do a U-turn in front of a fire station.

 

Back to Q.


 

35. At a four way stop intersection, who gets to go first?

a. The car on the right

b. The car on the left

c. The car with a lady driver

d. The first car that reaches the intersection

e. Police cars, ambulances and fire trucks


This question asks who goes first. Answer is D. The questions does not state that there are two cars at the intersection. IF it did, then the correct answer would be A. But since it does not mention two cars, then the best answer is the car that is there first. Notice that E. does not specify that the emergency vehicle has sirens or lights flashing. These vehicles have the right-of-way only if they are in emergency mode.

 

Back to Q.


36. Why should you turn your head to check the blind spot before changing lanes?

a. Because motorcycles are hard to see

b. Some drivers are unaware of the danger of traveling in your blind spot

c. Mirrors do not show you enough of the area to be sure it is safe to change lanes

d. It is a good habit that could save your life later.

e. All of the above

 

All of the above. E. Re-read these answers. Each one is a lesson in safety.

 

Back to Q.


37. When backing you should:

a. Look in your mirrors and honk the horn

b. Check the mirrors, give a honk, and look behind while backing

c. Keep your eyes on the rear-view mirror and honk constantly.

d. Keep both hands on the steering wheel while looking behind

e. Do not honk because some people may get angry with you.

Answer is B. It is for safety. Honk for safety; let people know you are about to back up. Do not back up, run over kids and then honk. Same with good observation. Looking in mirrors is not the same as looking behind. You must look behind before you back. Don't back up and then look to see who you ran over. You should use the mirrors, but to practice good observation, you must look around and look behind.

Where would pedestrians come from? ANYWHERE. So keep your head moving and be sure to look behind. You may turn your body in the seat and take one hand off the steering wheel to assist you in good observation.

Back to Q.

 

38. Driving under the influence of intoxicating liquor is

a. A misdemeanor

b. A class 2 felony

c. Punishable by death

d. Responsible for at least half of traffic deaths on Guam

e. A and D above

 

Answer is E.

 

Back to Q.


39. Left turns:

a.May not be made at a red light

b. May be made after yielding to oncoming traffic

c. May be made at a red light after making a complete stop and ensuring traffic is clear

d. A and B above

e. B and C above

 

Be careful here. A. is true. B. is true. (If you are making a left turn off the main road, you do not have to stop if there are no cars approaching, but you must yield to any approaching traffic.)

C. is NOT true.

So the answer is D.

 

Back to Q.


 

40. Which of the following is a Felony?

a. Having an open container of beer in your car

b. Leaving the scene of an accident where property damage has occurred

c. Driving your car while drunk

d. Leaving the scene of an accident where personal injury resulted

e. Driving a motor vehicle without proper insurance



D. is the answer. Personal injury means someone has been hurt. It is a felony to "hit and run".



Question? Email us.

betterdrivers@gmail.com   Please include your name and date of birth so we know who you are. Thanks.

Now go to Unit 5.